Pellagra is the disease of four Ds that includes diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and death. Dermatitis is a disease where you will notice a rash on the exposed areas of your mouth. Dementia is a mental disorder that creates confusion, mental disorientation, depressions, and delusions.
Nicotinic acid is used to prevent and treat niacin deficiency. This deficiency usually results from some unhealthy lifestyle and medical conditions such as poor diet, alcohol abuse, Hartnup disease, malabsorption syndrome, and the long -term use of the certain medications.
⤨ How it works
Nicotinic acid lowers the production of the VLDL (the low-density lipoprotein that converts into LDL in the blood) and triglycerides. That can cause reduced level of the LDL or bad cholesterol, increased level of HDL or good cholesterol, and reduced triglycerides. It can increase the good cholesterol more effectively than any other drug.
⤨ When should you use Nicotinic acid?
Nicotinic acid is usually used to treat the triglycerides and high levels of the cholesterol. But it should not be used without the doctor’s recommendation. You should avoid the nicotinic acid if you have the following medical complications.
- Active Stomach Ulcer
- Type 2 diabetes
- Oversensitivity to nicotinic acid
- Liver disease
- Clotting disorders
Nicotinic acid is normally used to improve cholesterol level, but this is not that helpful to treat the heart problems such as the heart stroke and the heart attack.
⤨ What are the side effects?
Like any other medicine, nicotinic acid has some side effects. Some side effects will go automatically after your body will be familiar with the medication. If it persists or if you notice some severe side effects then you should stop the medication immediately and consult your doctor to treat the side effects if it does not go away automatically.
Some of the common side effects of the nicotinic acid are shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, rash, hives, and itching on the skin, and swelling of the face, tongue, lips, or on other parts of the body. You should stop this medicine straight away if you experience severe liver problems, heart problem, and bleeding of any blood vessel.
You should avoid this medication if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. If you are planning to take the nicotinic acid to treat some health complication, then consult your doctor. Give the details of your health complications if you have any.
⤨ How to take it
Before starting nicotinic acid, follow the instructions contained in the leaflet carefully. If you are an adult and you are suffering from the pellagra, you should take one tablet two times in a day. For the triglyceride and cholesterol level, you should take one tablet three times in a day. You can increase it depending on the severity of the condition. But it is always suggested to consult your doctor to know how and when to take it. More importantly, if you have any health complication, then talk to your doctor before taking the nicotinic acid.