More than 1/3 of adult Americans have problems with obesity. Fifteen percent of children in pre-school and 17% of those aged 6 to 19 years old also suffer from obesity.
The latter is a risk factor for many health conditions which include diabetes. As of 2004, studies show that almost 2/3 of people who are diabetic are obese. This means there is a cause and effect relationship of the two.
When people eat, their pancreas emits insulin, a hormone sitting in cells’ receptors. This allows glucose or blood sugar to get into the cells so as to help produce energy.
When the cells fail to utilize insulin for the conversion of sugar to energy thus making the sugar stay in the blood, this condition is called diabetes mellitus.
There are three kinds of diabetes and these are Type I, Type II and gestational. Type I is not connected to obesity and happens only when the pancreas’ islet cells fail to produce insulin.
When the cell receptors fail to respond correctly but the body is able to produce insulin, such condition is called Type II and gestational diabetes. Type II diabetes has a connection with obesity while gestational diabetes has a connection with hormonal changes which happens during pregnancy.
Obesity may stimulate resistance to insulin thus making the body fail to use this hormone properly to take in glucose. It would place extra effort on the pancreas to continue with a higher need of insulin because the normal levels become inadequate thus resulting to high insulin and glucose in the blood.
When one has an inactive lifestyle and an unhealthy diet, he is prone to acquire Type II diabetes. He is also susceptible to gaining weight and becoming obese.
It is also medically proven that having a family history of Type II diabetes makes one acquire a 10% to 15% chance of getting this condition. If he also has an unhealthy lifestyle, this increases the risk of developing Type II diabetes.
There are also ethnic groups that are more prone to having health conditions that are obesity-related. The African-Americans have a 51% chance of becoming obese than whites. Hispanics on the other hand have a 21% chance of acquiring obesity than whites.
To control or prevent Type II diabetes, it is important to have a healthy lifestyle which includes proper diet, regular exercise and staying away from vices such as smoking, drinking alcohol and taking drugs.
People who are prone to diabetes should minimize this risk by eating healthily, working our frequently and watching their weight always.
It should be noted that diabetes is very serious, deadly and should not be treated minus a doctor’s supervision and guidance. Those with suffering from symptoms should alter their lifestyle and follow the orders of their doctors.
The symptoms include frequent urination and thirst, excessive hunger, fatigue, slow-healing wounds, blurred vision, dry skin, hands and feet tingling, skin infections and headaches.
With a healthy lifestyle, obesity can be treated and the onset of diabetes could be avoided.