Natalia Rocon
Published in November 5, 2020

Obesity and Metabolism: Two Factors that Lead to Diabetes

Diabetes is a medical disease wherein the body does not properly utilize blood sugar or glucose taken in.


By Natalia Rocon

Glucose is the main energy source of the body. The most common kind of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes and is the one connected to metabolism and obesity issues. When the body cannot use blood sugar properly, the pancreas then overproduces insulin to control blood sugar.

Over time, the pancreas becomes burdened until it stops making a sufficient amount of insulin. This makes glucose dangerously plentiful in the bloodstream then leads to heart diseases, blindness, stroke, amputations due to wounds not healing, and kidney failure. Pregnant women will have more complications while some people will suffer from anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues.

According to studies, almost 90% of people suffering from Type 2 diabetes are obese

This is due to the fact that added weight places additional stress on the ability of the body to regulate glucose. Obesity is linked to a disorder called metabolic syndrome which causes irregularities with the fast-flowing in the blood and heightens the chance of having heart disease and fatty liver. This also stops the attempt of your body to control glucose, a condition called insulin resistance which is the highest proof of having diabetes.

Metabolism is the body’s process of converting food and substances into energy. When you suffer from diabetes, it will be difficult for your body to metabolize glucose due to insulin problems. Insulin is a protein where metabolism happens. This aids in giving nutrients to the cells. It hides the unused nutrients and controls the changing of one kind of nutrient to other nutrients. If there is no insulin, there would be less glucose transferred to the tissues for the production of energy thus a lot of fat would be present in your bloodstream.

Those suffering from diabetes have difficulty in metabolizing proteins and fats. The body likes to metabolize glucose for energy and since there is not enough of it due to diabetes, proteins and fats are therefore broken down. When there is too much protein broken down in your body, acids and ketones are accumulated thus diabetic comas happen.

The good news is Type 2 diabetes can be prevented. Since it concerns weight, a method to stop it is having and sustaining a healthy weight. Those who are overweight can delay diabetes if they lose 5% to 7% of their body weight. You should eat a healthy diet low in both calories and fat and exercise regularly with not less than two and a half hours of moderate exercises weekly to shed off excess weight.

Drugs that rouse insulin secretion by your pancreas can also treat Type 2 diabetes

There are also medications that heighten the absorption of blood sugar into the cells. There are people who really need medication when their bodies become more sensitive to their own insulin. They must lose weight and eat healthily so that their dependence on medicines would be minimized and their condition would not progress and develop into graver complications.


Singla P, Bardoloi A, Parkash AA. Metabolic effects of obesity: A review. World J Diabetes. 2010;1(3):76-88. doi:10.4239/wjd.v1.i3.76

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